The MIC of ciprofloxacin remained same in the presence and absence of CCCP in the studied strains and no significant mutations were found in the acrR gene in any of the isolates studied.
ciprofloxacin 400 mg q 8 hr
An electrospun degradable polycarbonate urethane (PCNU) nanofiber scaffold loaded with antibiotic was investigated in terms of antibacterial efficacy and cell compatibility for potential use in gingival tissue engineering. Antimicrobial oligomer (AO), a compound which consists of two molecules of ciprofloxacin (CF) covalently bound via hydrolysable linkages to triethylene glycol (TEG), was incorporated via a one-step blend electrospinning process using a single solvent system at 7 and 15% w/w equivalent CF with respect to the PCNU. The oligomeric form of the drug was used to overcome the challenge of drug aggregation and burst release when antibiotics are incorporated as free drug. Electrospinning parameters were optimized to obtain scaffolds with similar alignment and fiber diameter to non-drug loaded fibers. AO that diffused from the fibers was hydrolysed to release CF slowly and in a linear manner over the duration of the study, whereas scaffolds with CF at the same concentration but in free form showed a burst release within 1h with no further release throughout the study duration. Human gingival fibroblast (HGF) adhesion and spreading was dependent on the concentration and form the CF was loaded (AO vs. free CF), which was attributed in part to differences in scaffold surface chemistry. Surface segregation of AO was quantified using surface-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). These findings are encouraging and support further investigation for the use of AO as a means of attenuating the rapid release of drug loaded into nanofibers. The study also demonstrates through quantitative measures that drug additives have the potential to surface-locate without phase separating from the fibers, leading to fast dissolution and differential fibroblast cell attachment.
ciprofloxacin urinary tract infection
The GyrA91-PCR accurately characterized the GyrA 91 locus of all 70 N. gonorrhoeae isolates (sensitivity = 100%, 95% CI = 94.9%-100%), whereas all non-gonococcal isolates and N. gonorrhoeae NAAT-negative clinical samples gave negative results by the GyrA91-PCR (specificity = 100%, 95% CI = 98.4%-100%). When applied to the 210 N. gonorrhoeae NAAT-positive clinical samples, the GyrA91-PCR successfully characterized 195 samples (92.9%, 95% CI = 88.5%-95.9%). When compared with the corresponding bacterial culture results, positivity by the GyrA91-PCR WT probe correctly predicted N. gonorrhoeae susceptibility to ciprofloxacin in 161 of 162 (99.4%, 95% CI = 96.6%-99.9%) samples.
To assess the bacteriologic profile and the resistance pattern of clinical isolates from pediatric patients in Gondar University Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.
ciprofloxacin dose pink eye
the cmeG mutation reduced bacterial growth and rendered C. jejuni more susceptible to ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, tetracycline, rifampicin, ethidium bromide and cholic acid as well as hydrogen peroxide, and in trans complementation restored the susceptibility to near wild-type level. RT-PCR showed that cmeG is co-transcribed with its downstream gene cmeH (Cj1376) encoding a putative periplasmic protein, but mutation of cmeH alone did not affect the susceptibility to antibiotics. Notably, overexpression of the cmeGH operon in C. jejuni NCTC 11168 significantly increased its resistance to fluoroquinolones. In addition, the cmeG mutant accumulated more EtBr and ciprofloxacin than the wild-type strain.
ciprofloxacin and breastfeeding
C. jejuni as well as some hippurate-negative Campylobacter species and related diarrheagenic organisms, are the leading cause of gastroenteritis in our environment all throughout the year. The aim of the present study was to determine the sensitivity of hippurate-negative Campylobacter and Helicobacter pullorum strains isolated from the stools of patients with diarrhea. We tested 39 Campylobacter coli, two C. lari and five Helicobacter pullorum strains identified by mass spectrometry analysis. The sensitivity to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, erytrhomycin, azithromycin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, tetracycline, tigecycline and chloramphenicol was tested by E-test. Most hippurate-negative Campylobacter and H. pullorum isolates studied showed high resistance to tetracycline and to the two fluorquinolones tested. On the other side, all strains were sensitive to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, tigecycline and chloramphenicol, while most of them were sensitive to both macrolides tested and to gentamicin.