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Our study demonstrates no clinical cochlear ototoxicity in children who received Cortisporin following ventilation tube placement. The cost differential for prescribing fluoroquinolone drops is significant.
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In each of the studies of OE, CSOM and AOM-TT, ofloxacin otic solution was effective in eradicating the bacterial pathogen from the site of infection: equivalent to Cortisporin for children with OE; superior to amoxicillin/clavulanate for patients with AOM-TT who had acute drainage; and effective in eradicating bacterial pathogens from the external canal of patients with CSOM.
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Otitis externa (OE) is an infection of the external auditory canal affecting children and adults and is associated with symptoms of local pain and tenderness. Twice-daily topical treatment with ofloxacin otic solution (0.3% [Floxin otic solution]) for 10 days has been reported to be as effective and well tolerated as neomycin sulfate/polymyxin B sulfate/hydrocortisone otic suspension (Cortisporin otic suspension) administered four times daily for 10 days.
ofloxacin 200 mg 100 ml iv
Signaling through vertebrate Hedgehog (Hh) proteins depends on the primary cilium. In response to Hh signals, the transcriptional activator of the pathway, Gli2, accumulates at the ciliary tip, raising the possibility that ciliary localization is important for Gli2 activation. To test this hypothesis, we used the Floxin system to create knock-in Gli2 alleles in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) to allow methodical testing of which domains and residues are essential for the ciliary localization of Gli2. The Gli2 zinc fingers, transcriptional activation domain, repressor domain, phosphorylation cluster and a Sufu binding motif were each dispensable for ciliary localization. Mutating residues that are required for Gli2 sumoylation and nuclear trafficking also did not abrogate ciliary localization. By contrast, several other domains restricted Gli2 nuclear localization, and a central region, distinct from previously characterized domains, was required for ciliary localization. In addition to an inability to localize to cilia, Gli2 lacking this central domain was unable to activate target genes. Thus, our systematic analysis in ESCs reveals that distinct regions of Gli2 regulate its nuclear and ciliary localization. The identification of a domain essential for both ciliary localization and transcriptional activity suggests that ciliary localization of Gli2 is required for its activation.
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To compare the penetration of levofloxacin, ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin in the aqueous humour of eyes with functioning filtering blebs.
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The values of morphometric parameters of neurosecretory neurons and corpora allata were significantly increased after exposure of the pupae to the strong magnetic field.
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Fluoroquinolone antibiotics have rarely been associated with renal failure (1). However, temafloxacin, a member of this drug class, was voluntarily withdrawn from the U.S. market in 1992 after reports of renal failure and other adverse reactions (2). In this article, we report one of the first published cases of renal failure resulting from the administration of ofloxacin (Floxin, Ortho Pharmaceutical Corporation), one of the newest fluoroquinolone antibiotics.
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Topical levofloxacin penetrates better than ofloxacin or ciprofloxacin into the aqueous of eyes with functioning filtering blebs. The combination of topical and oral levofloxacin may be preferable in the treatment of bleb-associated infections (NCT 00392275; Clinical trials.gov).
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At present, three antibiotics (doxycycline, ofloxacin [Floxin], and azithromycin [Zithromax]) provide optimal therapy for both typical and atypical community-acquired pneumonias. These agents permit a monotherapeutic approach and are also ideal for intravenous-to-oral switch therapy, which results in great cost savings for an institution and an earlier discharge for the patient. The era of oral therapy has been ushered in because of economic imperatives. Fortunately, bioavailability of these three antibiotics is essentially the same when administered intravenously or orally. Moderately to severely ill patients may be safely and effectively treated via the oral route alone; however, most patients who require admission to the hospital are initially given intravenous therapy, after which a change is made to an oral antibiotic equivalent as soon as possible.